The Politics of Racism by Ann Gomer Sunahara


Primary Sources

Copies of Primary Sources were deposited in 2019 at the Nikkei National Museum and Cultural Centre, 6688 Southoaks Crescent, Burnaby, British Columbia V5E 4M7, Canada

Government Documents: Unpublished

Canada, British Columbia Security Commission. Report. Mimeographed. 1942.

Canada, Department of Justice. Evidence Re the Japanese Inquiry at Vancouver B.C., 1942. Mimeographed. 1943.

Canada, Department of Labour. Report on the Administration of Japanese Affairs, 1942-1944. Mimeographed. 1944.

Canada, Department of Labour. Report on the Re-establishment of Japanese in Canada, 1944-1946. Mimeographed. Ottawa: January 1947.

Canada, Japanese Fishing Vessel Disposal Committee. Final Report, Mimeographed. 1942.

Canada, Royal Commission into Provisions Made for Persons of the Japanese Race. Report. Mimeographed. 1944.

Canada, Royal Commission to Investigate the Complaints of Canadian Citizens of Japanese Origin. Report. Mimeographed. 1950.

Government Documents: Published

Canada, Department of External Affairs. Documents: External Relations, Vol.12, 1946. Ottawa: 1977.

Canada, Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Eighth Census of Canada, 1941, Ottawa: 1948.

Canada, House of Commons. Debates, Ottawa: 1936, 1942-48.

Canada, House of Commons, Special Committee on Elections and Franchise Acts, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence, 1937, Ottawa: King's Printer, 1938.

Canada, Standing Committee on Public Accounts. Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence, 1947, Ottawa: 1948.

United States, Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, Personal Justice Denied: The Report of the Commission on the Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, U.S. Government Printing Office, December, 1982.

Manuscript Collections

F. Andrew Brewin Papers, Public Archives of Canada (PAC)

British Columbia Security Commission (BCSC) Papers, PAC

Rev. W.P. Bunt Papers, Vancouver Theological College Archives (VTCA)

Department of External Affairs Papers, DEA

Department of Finance Papers, PAC

Department of Fisheries Records, Department of Fisheries Archives (DFA)

Department of Labour Papers, PAC

Department of National Defence Papers, PAC, DND

Department of State Papers, National Archives (NA)

Japanese Canadian Citizens' Association (JCCA) Papers, PAC

William Lyon Mackenzie King Papers, PAC

Muriel Fujiwara Kitagawa Papers, PAC

Angus MacInnis Collection, University of British Columbia (UBC)

Ian Alistair Mackenzie Papers, PAC

Rev. G. Nakayama Papers, PAC

Rev. Yoshio Ono Papers, UBC

Pacific Command Papers, PAC

T. Duff Patullo Papers, Provincial Archives of British Columbia (PABC)

Privy Council Office Records, PAC

Premiers' Papers, Provincial Archives of Alberta (PAA)

J.L. Ralston Papers, PAC

Robert Y. Shimoda Papers, UBC

Jitaro Charlie Tanaka Papers, UBC

June K. Tanaka Papers, PAC

Tokikazu Tanaka Papers, UBC

Takaichi Umezaki Papers, UBC

Newspapers and Magazines

New Canadian, 1941-50.

Maclean's. 1946.

Nakusp Arrow Lakes News. 1942-43.

Nisei Affairs. 1945-47.

Toronto Globe and Mail. 1950.

Vancouver Daily Province. 1941-42.

Vancouver Sun. 1941-48.


Recorded interviews were deposited in 2019 at the Nikkei National Museum and Cultural Centre, 6688 Southoaks Crescent, Burnaby, British Columbia V5E 4M7, Canada

By the Author:

Tsunebaru and Grace Amadatsu, Winnipeg, Man.

John Aihoshi, St. Thomas, Ont.

Tak and Rose Aihoshi, Montreal, Que.

Dr. Henry F. Angus, Vancouver, B.C.

F. Andrew Brewin, Q.C., M.P., Ottawa, Ont.

The Rt. Hon. J. G. Diefenbaker, M.P., P.C., Ottawa, Ont.

The Hon. Thomas C. Douglas, M.P., P.C., Ottawa, Ont.

Robert England, Victoria, B.C.

Frank Ernst, Winnipeg, Man.

Rev. James Finlay, Toronto, Ont.

Kiyoshi Hara, Geraldton, Ont.

Katsuko Hideka Halfhide, Ottawa, Ont.

Chu Hayashi, Thunder Bay, Ont.

Rintaro Hayashi, Richmond, B.C.

Ken Hibi, Thunder Bay, Ont.

Ichiro Hirayama, Winnipeg, Man.

Harold Hirose, Winnipeg, Man.

Mark Honkawa, London, Ont.

Tosh and Sumi Hoshino, Geraldton, Ont.

Hiro Kanashiro, Calgary, Alta.

Min Kanashiro, Lethbridge, Alta.

Kiyozo Kazuta, Vancouver, B.C.

Dr. Hugh L. Keenleyside, Victoria, B.C.

Sachi Kishimoto, Coaldale, Alta.

Edward Kitagawa, Toronto, Ont.

Stanley Knowles, M.P., Ottawa, Ont.

Thelma Kojima, Winnipeg, Man.

Mrs. Minoru Kudo, London, Ont.

John Kumagai, London, Ont.

Amy Leigh, Vancouver, B.C.

Helga Lougheed, White Rock, B.C.

John Maeba, Geraldton, Ont.

Aki Moriyama, Lethbridge, Alta.

Hanaye "Bunny" Nagamori, Winnipeg, Man.

Yuki Nakamura, Toronto, Ont.

Kimaki Nakashima, Montreal, Que.

Rei Nishio Nakashima, Montreal, Que.

A. M. (Sandy) Nicholson, M.P., Toronto, Ont.

Fred Nishikawa, Thunder Bay, Ont.

Cheiko Nishiyama, Lethbridge, Alta.

George Obokata, London, Ont.

Tosh and Irene Omoto, Winnipeg, Man.

Ayako Otsuka, Lethbridge, Alta.

Kasey and Sachi Oyama, Montreal, Que.

The Hon. Jack W. Pickersgill, M.P., Ottawa, Ont.

William T. Sakamoto, Montreal, Que.

Seiku Sakumoto, Vancouver, B.C.

Asano Shigehiro, Calgary, Alta.

Hide Hyodo Shimizu, Toronto, Ont.

Kay Kyoshi Kato Shimizu, Ottawa, Ont.

Kunio Shimizu, Ottawa, Ont.

Dr. George and Sachi Shimotakahara, Montreal, Que.

Thomas K. Shoyama, Ottawa, Ont.

Miyoko Sunada, Raymond, Alta.

Dr. Fred and Grace Sunahara, Toronto, Ont.

Marion Hoshino Sunahara, London, Ont.

Carr and Sue Suzuki, Vancouver, B.C.

Mary and Hide Suzuki, London, Ont.

Setsuko Sunahara, Vancouver, B.C.

Toyo Takata, Toronto, Ont.

George Tanaka, Mississauga, Ont.

Jitaro Charlie and Sumiko Tanaka, Mississauga, Ont.

Herbert and June Tanaka, Toronto, Ont.

Kinzie and Terry Tanaka, Toronto, Ont.

Sumi Tomonaga, London, Ont.

Marge Tsujiura, Coaldale, Alta.

William S. Wallace, White Rock, B.C.

Seijiro Yabuki, London, Ont.

George Yamashita, Montreal, Que.

By Others:

Thelma Hunter, Public Health Nurse, by Beverley Macpherson, Aural History Tapes, PABC.

Deputy Comnr. Frederick J. Mead, by Army Intelligence, 1944. Microreel 629A, PABC.

Lt. Col. A. W. Sparling, by Army Intelligence, 1944. Microreel 629A, PABC .

Ryuichi Yoshida, by Maya Koizumi, Aural History Tapes, PABC.

Secondary Sources


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Broadfoot, Barry. Years of Sorrow, Years of Shame: The Story of Japanese Canadians in World War II, Toronto: Doubleday, 1977.

Cash, Gwen. A Million Miles From Ottawa, Toronto: Macmillan, 1942.

Conrat, Masie and Richard. Executive Order 9066: The Internment of 110,000 Japanese Americans, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1972.

Daniels, Roger. Concentration Camps U.S.A.: Japanese Americans in World War II, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971.

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Pickersgill, J. W., and Forster, D. F. The Mackenzie King Record, Vol IV, 1947-1948. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970.

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